What is Diabetes and Pre-Diabetes?
Diabetes mellitus is a state with ‘increased blood glucose levels’, which can damage your kidney, eye, heart, nerves, etc. Pre-Diabetes means you are at higher risk of developing diabetes mellitus.
Which are the symptoms of diabetes?
Patient with mildly elevated sugars may not have any symptoms. Usual symptoms of diabetes are: frequency of urine, excessive thirst, increased/decreased apatite, weight loss, burning feet & generalized weakness.
How to confirm the diagnosis of Diabetes?
Diagnosis of diabetes is confirmed by fasting/postprandial sugars or HbA1c. Fasting glucose ≥ 126 mg/dl or postprandial glucose ≥ 200 mg/dl or HbA1c > 6.4% is called ‘Diabetes mellitus’. Fasting glucose 100-125 mg/dl or postprandial glucose 140-199 mg/dl or HbA1c 5.6-6.4 % is called ‘Pre-Diabetes’.